Parsha Q&A - Parshat Mishpatim

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Parsha Q&A

Parshat Mishpatim

For the week ending 1 Adar 5761 / February 23 & 24, 2001

Contents:
  • Parsha Questions
  • Recommended Reading List
  • Answers to Parsha Questions
  • Back issues of Parsha Q&A
  • Subscription Information
  • Ohr Somayach Home Page

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    Parsha Questions

    Answers | Contents
    1. In what context is a mezuza mentioned in this week's Parsha?
    2. What special mitzvah does the Torah give to the master of a Hebrew maidservant?
    3. What is the penalty for wounding one's father or mother?
    4. "A" intentionally hits "B." As a result, B is close to death. Besides any monetary payments, what happens to A?
    5. What is the penalty for someone who tries to murder a particular person, but accidentally kills another person instead? Give two opinions.
    6. A slave goes free if his master knocks out one of the slave's teeth. What teeth do not qualify for this rule and why?
    7. An ox gores another ox. What is the maximum the owner of the damaging ox must pay, provided his animal had gored no more than twice previously?
    8. From where in this week's Parsha can the importance of work be demonstrated?
    9. What is meant by the words "If the sun shone on him"?
    10. A person is given an object for safe-keeping. Later, he swears it was stolen. Witnesses come and say that in fact he is the one who stole it. How much must he pay?
    11. A person borrows his employee's car. The car is struck by lightning. How much must he pay?
    12. Why is lending money at interest called "biting"?
    13. Non-kosher meat, "treifa," is preferentially fed to dogs. Why?
    14. Which verse forbids listening to slander?
    15. What constitutes a majority-ruling in a capital case?
    16. How is Shavuot referred to in this week's Parsha?
    17. How many prohibitions are transgressed when cooking meat and milk together?
    18. What was written in the Sefer Habrit which Moshe wrote prior to the giving of the Torah?
    19. What was the livnat hasapir a reminder of?
    20. Who was Efrat? Who was her husband? Who was her son?

    Recommended Reading List

    Ramban
    21:1-2
    Parallel with Ten Commandments
    21:6
    (first part) Divine Role in Human Justice
    21:15
    The Severity of Cursing One's Parents
    21:29-30
    Death Penalty and Ransom
    22:6
    (first part) Two kinds of Shomrim
    22:20-22
    Prosecutor of the Helpless
    22:30
    Holiness of Kashrut
    23:25
    Blessings and Destruction
    24:1
    Matan Torah Chronology
    Sefer Hachinuch
    42
    Human Kindness
    43
    Divine Kindness
    47
    Capital Punishment
    50
    Penalty for Anger
    52
    Despising Destruction
    62
    The Danger of Sorcery
    66
    Why Hashem Creates the Poor
    70
    Blasphemy
    71
    Respect for Authority
    73
    Kashrut
    78
    Antidote to Anarchy
    84
    Shemita
    93
    Relations with Heathens


    Answers to this Week's Questions

    Questions | Contents

    All references are to the verses and Rashi's commentary, unless otherwise stated

    1. In what context is a mezuza mentioned in this week's Parsha?
      21:6 - If a Hebrew slave desires to remain enslaved his owner brings him "to the door post mezuza" to pierce his ear.

    2. What special mitzvah does the Torah give to the master of a Hebrew maidservant?
      21:8,9 - To marry her.

    3. What is the penalty for wounding one's father or mother?
      21:15 - Death by strangulation.

    4. "A" intentionally hits "B." As a result, B is close to death. Besides any monetary payments, what happens to A?
      21:19 - He is put in jail until "B" recovers or dies.

    5. What is the penalty for someone who tries to murder a particular person, but accidentally kills another person instead? Give two opinions.
      21:23 -
      1. The murderer deserves the death penalty.
      2. The murderer is exempt from death but must compensate the heirs of his victim.

    6. A slave goes free if his master knocks out one of the slave's teeth. What teeth do not qualify for this rule and why?
      21:26 - Baby teeth, which grow back.

    7. An ox gores another ox. What is the maximum the owner of the damaging ox must pay, provided his animal had gored no more than twice previously?
      21:35 - The full value of his own animal.

    8. From where in this week's Parsha can the importance of work be demonstrated?
      21:37 - From the "five-times" penalty for stealing an ox and slaughtering it. This fine is seen as punishment for preventing the owner from plowing with his ox.

    9. What is meant by the words "If the sun shone on him"?
      22:2 - If it's as clear as the sun that the thief has no intent to kill.

    10. A person is given an object for safe-keeping. Later, he swears it was stolen. Witnesses come and say that in fact he is the one who stole it. How much must he pay?
      22:8 - Double value of the object.

    11. A person borrows his employee's car. The car is struck by lightning. How much must he pay?
      22:14 - Nothing.

    12. Why is lending money at interest called "biting"?
      22:24 - Interest is like a snake bite. Just as the poison is not noticed at first but soon overwhelms the person, so too interest is barely noticeable until it accumulates to an overwhelming sum.

    13. Non-kosher meat, "treifa," is preferentially fed to dogs. Why?
      22:30 - As "reward" for their silence during the plague of the first born.

    14. Which verse forbids listening to slander?
      23:1 - Targum Onkelos translates "Don't bear a false report" as "Don't receive a false report."

    15. What constitutes a majority-ruling in a capital case?
      23:2 - A simple majority is needed for an acquittal. A majority of two is needed for a ruling of guilty.

    16. How is Shavuot referred to in this week's Parsha?
      23:16 - Chag Hakatzir -- Festival of Reaping.

    17. How many prohibitions are transgressed when cooking meat and milk together?
      23:19 - One.

    18. What was written in the Sefer Habrit which Moshe wrote prior to the giving of the Torah?
      24:4,7 - The Torah, starting from Bereishet until the giving of the Torah, and the mitzvot given at Mara.

    19. What was the livnat hasapir a reminder of?
      24:10 - That the Jews in Egypt were forced to toil by making bricks.

    20. Who was Efrat? Who was her husband? Who was her son?
      24:14 - Miriam, wife of Calev, mother of Chur.

    Written and Compiled by Rabbi Eliyahu Kane & Rabbi Reuven Subar
    General Editor: Rabbi Moshe Newman
    Production Design: Michael Treblow

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